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Hanzhong is located in the southwest of Shaanxi Province, Hanzhong lies to the south of the Qinling Mountains and to the north of the Daba Mountains with the Hanzhong Basin in the center. It is bounded on the southwest by Gansu and Sichuan provinces, and adjacent to Xian in the northeast.
Hanzhong gained its name from the Han River. As early as 2,400 years ago, Hanzhong was established by the Qin Kingdom during the Warring States Period (476BC-221BC). It is the birthplace of the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD).
After a long period of development , there are 10 counties and 1 district in Hanzhong , which are Hantai District, Nanzheng County, Chenggu county, Yangxian County, Xixiang County, Mianxian County, Ningqiang County, Lueyang County, Zhenba County, Liuba County, Foping County.
Hanzhong is sandwiched between the Qinling Mountains and Daba Mountains, at the upper reaches of the Han River. The river flows through the city, shaping the Hanzhong Basin in the heart of the city. Mountainous and hilly areas make up the main geography of Hanzhong.
Situated in the transitional area between warm temperate zones and subtropical zones, Hanzhong has moderate and humid weather.The winter wind current coming form North China is blocked by the Qinling Mountains, so winter is relatively warm. The rainy season usually appears during June and lasts until September.
There are a great deal of famous history spots in Hanzhong, such as Classic Hantai, Baijiangtan, Zhangliang Temple, Wuhou Temple, Wuhou mausoleum, Zhangqian mausoleum , Cailun mausoleum, Plank Road,and Liping National Forest Park. On the other hand, it has lots of natural places of interest, such as, South River, East River(Horse Pond), Nansha River and Dingjun Mountain.
The pathfinder of the Silk Road - Zhang Qian, a native of Hanzhong Zhang Qian, China’s famous diplomat and explorer of the Western Han Dynasty (206-220B.C.), is a native of Chenggu County, Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province.
He was the first Chinese who explored the world. The world-famous Silk Road initiated by him has been recorded in human’s civilization history. He had been to the West twice, on a journey of nearly 5,000km in 20 years - not only opening a main traffic that linked China with the West and establishing a good relationship with it, but spreading the rich Chinese culture and advanced technology such as sericulture, filature, smelting, papermaking, and agricultural technology to the West. In return, he brought the western-style art of music and dance and the local products like grapes, alfalfa, pomegranates, garlic, watermelons, walnuts and broad beans to China.
The Ancient Plank Road refers to the ancient passage built along mountains and cliffs by cutting holes in the cliff and inserting wooden beams, on which planks were laid to make a passage. Wooden railings were erected alongside to ensure the safety of people and horses. Its history can be traced back to the Warring States Periods (476 BC-221 BC). In Qin (221 BC-206 BC) and Han (206BC-220) Dynasties the construction scale was expanded.
Ancient Hantai (Hanzhong Museum): In 206 BC, Qin Dynasty (221 BC-206BC) was overthrown by a peasant revolt. Xiang Yu (a leader of a peasant army), proclaimed himself the ruler of the entire country because he believed that he performed valuable services in the revolt. He appointed Liu BangÂ the Han King in Hanzhong area. Liu Bang trained his army and encouraged talented people to join him. In the following years, he eventually defeated Xiang Yu and established the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD).
Liping National Forest Park located in the southwest of Nanzheng County encompasses a total area of 9,304 hectares. It is 70 km to downtown Hanzhong and 18 km to Xi＇an-to-Hanzhong Expressway. You can enjoy landscapes of a primeval forest, waters, a stone forest, alpine grassland and Mt. Bashan conditions and folk-customs there. Called Southern Shaanxi＇s “Jiuzhaigou”, it is the best place for hiking in spring, holiday spending in summer, tasting fruit in autumn and hunting in snowy winter.
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