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Changsha (simplified Chinese: 长沙; traditional Chinese: 長沙; pinyin: Chángshā; Wade–Giles: Chang-sha) is the capital city of Hunan, in south-central China, located on the lower reaches of Xiang river, a branch of the Yangtze River. Its municipality covers an area of 11,819 sq. kilometers and, according to the 2010 Census, a population of 7,044,118 inhabitants.
Changsha was important from the time of the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC). In AD 750–1100 Changsha was an important commercial city, and its population increased greatly. Under the Qing dynasty, from 1664, it was the capital of Hunan province, and it was a major rice market. It was besieged during the Taiping Rebellionbut never fell. Changsha was the site of Mao Zedong's conversion to communism. It was the scene of major battles in the Sino-Japanese War of 1937–45 and was briefly occupied by the Japanese. Rebuilt since 1949, the city is now a major port and a commercial and industrial center.
In recent years, Changsha has become an important creative center for TV and entertainment arts, with its many TV stations producing some of the most popular programs in China, including Super Girl, a Chinese female version of the UK Pop Idol or American Idol that is the most watched program ever to air on Chinese TV. These programs have also brought a new entertainment industry, including singing bars, dance clubs, theater shows, as well as related businesses like hair salons, fashion stores, and hot spicy snacks at night(esp. in the summer time).
Changsha is home to the Lei Feng Memorial (Lei Feng Jinianguan) and statue.
In May 2008, the BBC broadcast, as part of its Storyville documentary series, the four-part The Biggest Chinese Restaurant in the World, explores the inner workings of the 5000-seat capacity West Lake Restaurant (Xihu Lou Jiujia) located in Changsha.
Tourist Attractions in Changsha
Hunan Provincial Museum
Hunan Provincial Museum has rich collections, among which the Mawangdui Han Tomb, the bronze ware crafts of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties and the cultural relics of Wu Kingdom are the most special. The Mawangdui Han Tomb forms the basic display of the museum. In the exhibition hall are coats as thin as cicada..
Yue foothill academy
Yuelu Academy is the most ancient academy in China. It was established in the ninth year of Kaibao Period of North Song (976 AD). In 1015, it was famous for its study atmosphere and obliged the name by Emperor Zhen Zong. From then on, it became one of the four academies in China. Walking through Song, Yuan, M...
Juzi Island came into being in 305 AD and got its name in the six century, from the poem of famous poet in Tang Dynasty., “the field of Ju Island is still fertile”. In the island, there were Shuilu Temple, Gongji Pavilion, Jiangxin Pavilion. In 1992, Juzi Island was developed to be a scenic spot o...
Changsha Window of the World
The Window of the World in Changsha culture traveling scenic area is located on the bank of Liuyang River, in the northeast suburb of Changsha. The area is 400,000 square meters with an investment of 300 million Yuan. It is one of the biggest culture traveling projects in Hunan Province.